Articles

View Quantifi articles on topical market-related issues featured in prominent industry publications. Stay up-to-date with our latest articles by following us on LinkedIn  

February 2020

Taking the CVA route to valuing CLNs

Request a Copy

Credit-linked notes can't be said to have risk-free collateral any more. In this article Dmitry Pugachevsky, Director of Research, Quantifi, suggests pricing them using techniques developed for bank counterparty risk.

One of the challenges in investing in credit linked notes (CLN) is the shortage of high quality debt for funding. This article explores a new type of trade - CLNs with risky collateral. It highlights that by taking into account all possible risk, including uncertainty of market value at early redemption, one can calculate values and sensitivities of such products, and trade them consistently as traditional CLNs.

 

Request a Copy

Calculating the Effect of Funding Costs on OTC Valuation

Request a Copy

In this article, Rohan Douglas, CEO, Quantifi and Dmitry Pugachevsky, Director of research, Quantifi, discuss the costs of funding OTC valuation. The implementation of new regulations, including Dodd-Frank, MiFID II, EMIR and Basel III, is significantly increasing the cost of capital and forcing banks to re-evaluate the economics of their over-the-counter (OTC) trading businesses.

Market best practice implemented by the most sophisticated banks now accurately measures all the components of a trade to analyse its profitability, including credit valuation adjustment (CVA), the cost of regulatory capital and, most recently, funding valuation adjustment (FVA).

Request a Copy

Should you charge for FVA?

Request a Copy

In our previous article published in Total Derivatives (The impact of FVA on swaps - A primer) we introduced FVA - Funding Valuation Adjustment - and outlined different scenarios when it has to be calculated. We also demonstrated the role of wrong-way risk, including one arising from a correlation between the default risk of a bank and its counterparty. Here we describe the on-going industry debate on how to treat FVA – as a part of risk-neutral pricing or as an extra cost of a trade.

Request a Copy

Hedging Implications of Fixed Coupon CDS

Request a Copy

It has been reported in several industry publications (e.g. CreditFlux, Reuters, Derivatives Week Online) that the CDS market is likely to switch to a fixed coupon basis with upfront points. This change will lead to some fundamental changes in the risk profiles of these contracts. Understanding the implications of a switch to upfront contracts is going to be important in adjusting hedging strategies going forward. This is particularly true for strategies involving these contracts as hedges for default risk. This Learning Curve article will explore some of the most basic changes that participants in the credit markets will need to keep in mind.

Request a Copy

Counterparty Credit Risk Limit Setting and Exposures

Request a Copy

The measurement and management of counterparty risk is in the midst of a revolution. Within recent memory of most counterparty risk managers it all used to be so much simpler. Limits were set on the same basis as traditional lending, and exposure measured against those limits was quantified using simple add-on factors applied to the notional of each transaction. Regulatory capital was based on the simple methodology which has been specified under Basel I.

Request a Copy

Optimising Capital Requirements for Counterparty Credit Risk Managing Counterparty Credit Risk

Request a Copy

In this article, Dr. Dmitry Pugachevsky, Director of Research, Quantifi & Rohan Douglas, CEO, Quantifi and Jean-Roch Sibille, Manager, Risk Dynamics & Aurelie Civilio, Senior Consultant, Risk Dynamics discuss the conditions for the effective risk management of Counterparty Credit Risk (CCR) by detailing and comparing capital requirements, identifying inconsistencies in prudential regulations and applying the various capital approaches on some typical portfolio strategies observed within financial institutions.

Request a Copy

Overhaul of Interest Rate Modelling

Request a Copy

There is compelling evidence that the market for interest rate products has moved to pricing on this basis, but not all market participants are at the stage where existing legacy valuation and risk legacy valuations are up to date. The changes required for existing systems are significant and present many challenges in an environment where efficient use of capital at the business line level is becoming increasingly important.

Request a Copy